They're not your family tunnels, but a very complex network of tunnels which served as hospitals, living quarters, communication and offer routes, in addition to storage areas to the weapons and food of the Viet Cong guerrillas. They were constructed without needing any sophisticated machines or tools only crude tools and human resilience. The Viet Cong guerrillas began building them during their resistance against in france they in the late 1940s. Its original purpose was for communication between villages without getting detected from the French army. In 1960, however, Vietnam's National Liberation Front began excavating and lengthening the tunnels. The tunnel system was very strategic contributing to the victory from the North Vietnamese Army against the Americans.
Most of these secret tunnels were built underneath American bases. Its importance was not only tied to military purposes but additionally took over as the hub in the Vietnamese community life since the Americans burned and destroyed villages. Everything proceeded as normal for the Vietnamese over these tunnels where lovers met, couples marry, children went along to school, and performances were held.
All has not been normal, naturally. The Vietnamese was required to face troubles of life in cramped quarters where ants, scorpions, vermin, and poisonous centipedes thrive. In addition to that, they must ration everything because food, water, as well as air were scarce. More often than not, they simply got out of the tunnels in the evening to scavenge whatever could be ideal for the community whether they were supplies or food. When the Americans bombed and infiltrate villages, that they had to remain in these claustrophobic quarters for which appeared like endless days. Those living conditions made sickness, especially malaria, rampant. Actually, it has become the second major reason for death one of many Vietnamese in that time. In addition to that, the majority of the tunnel inhabitants had serious instances of intestinal parasites.
While the Cu Chi tunnels was really a haven for your Vietnamese, it became a supply of frustration for that Americans. That they tried various types of detection and infiltration which are all failing. The American troops conducted large scale operations burning villages, bulldozing jungles, and destroying rice paddies. They deployed planes which sprayed chemicals to defoliate the areas burning it afterwards. Through these offensive attacks, the Vietnamese guerrillas, with the other villages, remained safe and secured in their tunnels. Not surprisingly, only 6,000 Vietnamese through the original 16,000 tunnel inhabitants could survive following your war.
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